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Dengue, Zika Virus & More: Stay Safe from Monsoon Mosquitoes in India

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Dengue, Zika Virus & More: Stay Safe from Monsoon Mosquitoes in IndiaThe monsoon season in India brings relief from the heat, but also creates ideal conditions for mosquito breeding. This leads to a rise in mosquito-borne diseases like dengue, chikungunya, Zika Virus, and malaria.

Breeding Grounds and Mosquito Activity:

  • Stagnant water in puddles, ditches, and containers like tires and flowerpots attract mosquitoes, especially Aedes aegypti, which transmits Zika Virus.
  • High humidity during monsoons helps mosquito eggs hatch and larvae develop, increasing their population.
  • Warm and humid weather fuels mosquito activity, and more outdoor activities provide them with opportunities to feed and transmit diseases.

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Public Health Risks:

  • Increased mosquito populations raise the risk of mosquito-borne disease outbreaks.
  • Asymptomatic Zika Virus cases, where people show no symptoms, can silently spread the virus.
  • Zika Virus during pregnancy can cause Congenital Zika Syndrome (CZS) in newborns, leading to birth defects and developmental delays.
  • Zika Virus infection can also increase miscarriage, stillbirth, and premature birth risks.

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Prevention and Control:

  • Mosquito control: Eliminate stagnant water sources, use repellents and nets, and conduct fogging/spraying operations.
  • Public awareness: Educate people about mosquito-borne diseases, preventive measures, and the risks of asymptomatic Zika.
  • Improved healthcare: Ensure access to prompt medical care for those infected.
  • Zika-specific measures:
    • Enhanced surveillance to identify asymptomatic cases.
    • Increased access to affordable Zika testing.
    • Public education on asymptomatic Zika risks and prevention.
    • Long-term research on Zika’s long-term health effects.

Conclusion:

Understanding the factors affecting mosquito breeding and taking collective action through public awareness, mosquito control, and improved healthcare are crucial to minimize the impact of mosquito-borne diseases during monsoons and beyond. Collaboration between public health authorities, healthcare providers, and communities is essential for safeguarding public health.

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